Virginia School Requirements for Children's Vision
Requires a vision screening of all pupils admitted for the first time to any public kindergarten or elementary school in a school division unless such pupil shall furnish, prior to admission, a report from a qualified licensed physician, or a licensed nurse practitioner or licensed physician assistant acting under the supervision of a licensed physician, of a comprehensive physical examination of a scope prescribed by the State Health Commissioner performed within the 12 months prior to the date such pupil first enters such public kindergarten or elementary school or records establishing that such pupil furnished such report upon prior admission to another school or school division and providing the information contained in such report.
If the pupil is a homeless child or youth and for that reason cannot furnish the report or records and the person seeking to enroll the pupil furnishes to the school division an affidavit so stating and also indicating that, to the best of his knowledge, such pupil is in good health and free from any communicable or contagious disease, the school division shall immediately refer the student to the local school division liaison, who shall, as soon as practicable, assist in obtaining the necessary visual examination by the county or city health department or other clinic or physician's office and shall immediately admit the pupil to school.
The physician, licensed nurse practitioner, or licensed physician assistant making a report shall specifically state what, if any, conditions are found that would identify the child as handicapped. Such examination report shall be placed in the child's health record at the school and shall be made available for review by any employee or official of the State Department of Health or any local health department at the request of such employee or official. Such examination shall not be required of any child whose parent shall object on religious grounds and who shows no visual evidence of sickness, provided that such parent shall state in writing that, to the best of his knowledge, such child is in good health and free from any communicable or contagious disease.
The health departments of all of the counties and cities of the Commonwealth shall conduct such examinations for medically indigent children without charge upon request and may provide such examinations to others on such uniform basis as such departments may establish. Virginia Code §22.1-270
Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction shall prepare or cause to be prepared suitable appliances for testing the sight of the pupils in the public schools and necessary instructions for the use thereof. The State Department of Education shall furnish the same free of expense to all schools in a school division upon request of the school board of such division.
The principal of each such school shall cause the sight of the relevant pupils in the school to be tested, unless such students are pupils admitted for the first time to a public kindergarten or elementary school who have been so tested as part of the comprehensive physical examination or the parents or guardians of such students object on religious grounds and the students show no obvious evidence of any defect or disease of the eyes or ears. The principal shall keep a record of such examinations. Whenever a pupil is found to have any defect of vision or a disease of the eyes, the principal shall forthwith notify the parent or guardian, in writing, of such defect or disease. Copies of the report shall be preserved for the use of the Superintendent of Public Instruction as he may require. Virginia Code §22.1-273
Requires vision screening of pupils in grades K, 3, 7, and 10 within 60 administrative working days of the opening of school. Required vision screening consists of distance visual acuity in children over 3 years of age and referral if vision is found to be worse than 20/40 with either eye (3-5 years old) or 20/30 (6+ years old) or if two-line difference between eyes even if within passing range. Whenever a pupil is found to have any defect of vision or hearing or a disease of the eyes or ears, the principal shall notify the parent or guardian in writing, of such defect or disease. This screening of pupils will be monitored through the administrative review process. Virginia Code §20-250-10 and Commonwealth of Virginia School Entrance Health Form
Requires that each child accepted for care in a child day care center shall have a physical examination by or under the direction of a licensed physician no earlier than 90 days prior to placement in the facility unless a child transfers from one residential facility licensed or certified by a state agency to another (the report of an examination within the preceding 12 months shall be acceptable), or a child is admitted on an emergency basis and a report of physical examination is unavailable (a physical examination shall be conducted within 30 days after placement). Following the initial examination, each child shall have a physical examination annually. Each examination report shall include information concerning visual acuity. 22 Virginia Code §40-100-200